By Stan Choe
Updated 4:52 pm ET
Stocks started August with more gains, and a worldwide rally on Monday sent Wall Street back to where it was just a couple days after it set its record earlier this year.
The S&P 500 tacked 0.7 percent more onto its four-month winning streak, and Big Tech once again led the way. The index rose 23.49 points to 3,294.61 to get within 3 percent of its record for the first time since February.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 236.08 points, or 0.9 percent, to 26,664.40. The gains for tech stocks, particularly Microsoft and Apple, pushed the Nasdaq composite up 157.52, or 1.5 percent, to 10,902.80, another record.
Helping to launch markets higher were reports showing manufacturing activity strengthened across Europe in July by more than economists expected. The gains built higher after a separate report showed U.S. manufacturing growth accelerated last month at a faster pace than economists expected.
The data added to evidence that the global economy halted its freefall from earlier this year, at least temporarily. Earlier on Monday, a private survey showed China's manufacturing activity also grew at a faster rate in July than expected.
Such budding improvements have helped the S&P 500 nearly erase its pandemic-caused plunge, which had reached nearly 34 percent at one point. So have massive amounts of aid for the economy from the Federal Reserve.
Still, "there is clear confusion among investors," said Mark Hackett, chief of investment research at Nationwide. Even though the stock market is indicating a steady recovery, he said big moves in the foreign-currency and gold markets are "suggesting greater disruption."
In Washington, meanwhile, slow, grinding negotiations on another huge relief effort for the U.S. economy are ongoing. Both the Trump administration negotiating team and top Capitol Hill Democrats reported progress over the weekend, though differences remain.
The discussions have taken on more urgency because $600 in weekly benefits for laid-off workers from the federal government have expired, just as the number of layoffs ticks up across the country amid a resurgence of coronavirus counts and business restrictions.
The continued spread of the coronavirus is raising worries that the economy could backslide again and snuff out the budding improvements it's shown. The shakeout from the pandemic took down two more big retailers over the weekend, with Lord & Taylor and the owner of Men's Wearhouse both filing for bankruptcy protection on Sunday.
Through the pandemic, though, Big Tech has remained almost immune to such concerns on expectations that it can continue to grow.
Microsoft jumped 5.6 percent Monday after it confirmed that it's in talks to buy the U.S. arm of TikTok, a Chinese-owned video app that is very popular but has also drawn the White House's scrutiny. Microsoft said its CEO, Satya Nadella, has talked with President Donald Trump about it, and the tech giant expects the talks with TikTok to end no later than Sept. 15, either with a deal or not.
Apple added 2.5 percent, piling more gains onto its 10.5 percent rise Friday following a blowout report showing that its profits during the spring easily topped Wall Street's expectations.
"Earnings from tech companies were great, so we have the all-clear to buy the sector," said Jason Brady, CEO at Thornburg Investment Management. "We also got the all-clear from the Fed that money will stay cheap — real interest rates will stay low — and there is zero appetite for considering the costs of this position."
Across the market, corporate profits have come in for the spring that weren't quite as bad as analysts were expecting. Roughly two-thirds of the way into earnings season, 84 percent of S&P 500 companies have reported stronger results than expected, according to FactSet. If it stays at that level, it would be the highest since FactSet's records began in 2008.
Microsoft and Apple are also the two biggest in the U.S. stock market, which gives their movements huge sway over indexes. The pair alone accounted for most of the S&P 500's gain.
Health care stocks were also strong, with Varian Medical surging 22 percent for the biggest gain in the S&P 500. Germany-based Siemens Healthineers said it will buy the cancer therapy and research company in a deal worth roughly $16.4 billion.
Germany's DAX stock index returned 2.7 percent following the strong reports on European manufacturing. France's CAC 40 rose 1.9 percent, and the FTSE 100 in London gained 2.3 percent.
In Asia, Japan's Nikkei 225 jumped 2.2 percent, South Korea's Kospi edged up 0.1 percent, and the Hang Seng in Hong Kong slipped 0.6 percent. Stocks in Shanghai rose 1.8 percent
The yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 0.55 percent from 0.53 percent late Friday.
Benchmark U.S. crude rose 1.8 percent to settle at $41.01 per barrel. Brent crude, the international standard, climbed 1.4 percent to $44.15 per barrel.
This story has been corrected to remove reference to Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings being the operator of a cruise ship with coronavirus infections. That ship was operated by Hurtigruten, a different company.
AP Business Writer Yuri Kageyama contributed.